sun flare at the statue of liberty

The issue 

NRF supports practical, comprehensive immigration reform that addresses the needs of both employers and today’s transient workforce, particularly when businesses seek to hire highly skilled workers whose talents are a commodity in the global economy. The current immigration system is broken, unworkable and in desperate need of reform. In the most recent development, NRF supports renewal of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program in order to avoid disruption of workplaces if employees who are participants in the program were to be deported. Former Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced the end of DACA in October 2017 but a U.S. District Court judge blocked the move in 2018 and the program remains in operation pending the outcome of litigation.

Why it matters to retailers 

passport and visa

Many aspects of immigration reform would affect retailers, particularly proposed new requirements regulating how employers verify the legal status of employees. Retailers support a verification program that is limited to new hires, keeps penalties appropriate to the violation, preempts state and local laws, and provides employers with protection against lawsuits. Retailers also need a workable program for obtaining visas for guest workers, reform of the H1B visa system for high-tech workers, and a mechanism to provide earned legalization for undocumented workers already in the country.

NRF advocates for immigration reform 

NRF has called on Congress to pass “practical, comprehensive” immigration reform that is “both agile and responsive.” Increasing the number of visas available for guest workers and high-tech workers while protecting employers from burdensome enforcement requirements are top priorities for retailers.

NRF is a member of the Coalition for the American Dream, which supports renewal of the DACA program, which allows children who were brought to the United States illegally by their parents to remain. Many of those children are now adults employed by retailers.

In a 2018 letter to Congress, NRF and more than 100 other members of the coalition representing a wide range of industries told lawmakers that termination of the program “is creating an impending crisis for workforces across the country.” Failure to renew DACA “will lead to businesses losing valuable talent, cause disruptions in the workforce and will result in significant costs.” The letter said economists have estimated the impact to gross domestic product at $215 billion.