Import Cargo Volume Could Hit 2 Million TEU Three Months in a Row

"These are strong numbers and a sign retailers are optimistic about the holiday season."

NRF Vice President Jonathan Gold

WASHINGTON – Import cargo volume at the nation’s major container ports is expected to hit the 2 million Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit mark for the second month in a row in September and remain there in October, according to the Global Port Tracker report released today by the National Retail Federation and Hackett Associates.

“These are strong numbers and a sign retailers are optimistic about the holiday season since they don’t import merchandise unless they think they can sell it,” NRF Vice President for Supply Chain and Customs Policy Jonathan Gold said. “The holiday season is now the top priority for everyone in the retail supply chain as merchants prepare for the rush of shoppers who will soon be buying gifts for friends and family. As the holidays approach, the recent ratification of the West Coast port labor agreement between the ILWU and PMA provides supply chain stability and certainty for retailers utilizing the West Coast ports.”

Meanwhile, a restriction on the maximum draft of ships passing through the Panama Canal imposed this summer after drought conditions resulted in lower water levels has not materialized into the threat some had feared. With many ships carrying less-than-capacity loads or returning empty containers, most have been able to comply with the restriction and those awaiting passage as of mid-August were expected to complete their voyages without delay, Hackett Associates Founder Ben Hackett said.

“We have closely followed conditions at the Panama Canal,” Hackett said. “It now appears, however, that the situation has had little impact on the retail supply chain and is unlikely to be a problem as we head into the peak shipping season.”

U.S. ports covered by Global Port Tracker handled 1.91 million TEU – one 20-foot container or its equivalent – in July, the latest month for which final numbers are available. That was up 4.4% from June but down 12.4% year over year.

Ports have not yet reported August numbers, but Global Port Tracker projected the month at 2 million TEU, down 11.4% year over year but the first month since October 2022 to reach the 2 million mark. September and October are also forecast at 2 million TEU each for a potential three-month streak. (The number would be a 1.8% year-over-year drop for September but a 0.1% year-over-year gain for October.) November is forecast at 1.96 million TEU, up 10.4% year over year, and December at 1.94 million TEU, up 12% year over year.

Those numbers would bring 2023 to 22.3 million TEU, down 12.5% from last year. Imports for all of 2022 totaled 25.5 million TEU, down 1.2% from the annual record of 25.8 million TEU set in 2021.

January 2024 is forecast at 1.91 million, TEU, up 5.4% to begin the new year.

Global Port Tracker, which is produced for NRF by Hackett Associates, provides historical data and forecasts for the U.S. ports of Los Angeles/Long Beach, Oakland, Seattle and Tacoma on the West Coast; New York/New Jersey, Port of Virginia, Charleston, Savannah, Port Everglades, Miami and Jacksonville on the East Coast, and Houston on the Gulf Coast. The report is free to NRF retail members, and subscription information is available at or by calling (202) 783-7971. Subscription information for non-members can be found at

As the leading authority and voice for the retail industry, NRF analyzes economic conditions affecting the industry through reports such as Global Port Tracker.

About NRF
The National Retail Federation passionately advocates for the people, brands, policies and ideas that help retail succeed. From its headquarters in Washington, D.C., NRF empowers the industry that powers the economy. Retail is the nation’s largest private-sector employer, contributing $3.9 trillion to annual GDP and supporting one in four U.S. jobs – 52 million working Americans. For over a century, NRF has been a voice for every retailer and every retail job, educating, inspiring and communicating the powerful impact retail has on local communities and global economies.

About Hackett Associates
Hackett Associates provides expert consulting, research and advisory services to the international maritime industry, government agencies and international institutions.